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A. Project Description
India (GoI) has received a
sector loan for Railways from Asian Development Bank (ADB). The loan is being
utilized by Ministry of Railways (MoR), for implementation of projects,
construction and doubling of railway lines under various rail zones in the
country to address the increasing passenger services and flow. Rail Vikas Nigam
Limited (RVNL) is the Executing Agency for this project.
One of the corridors identified for modernization and
doubling is Cuttack
– Barang, a section of Howrah – Chennai main line located in Cuttack district in
the state of Orissa. As part of the Project, it is proposed to construct a
railway line parallel to the existing one from
– Barang. The total length of this subproject is 11.715 km from Cuttack to
Barang of East Coast Railway (ECR) and the entire project section traverses
through only Cuttack district of Orissa. The total project length of 11.715 kms
has been divided into the following sections:
Cuttack – Gopalpur – Balikuda
Section 2: Gopalpur – Balikuda – Barang
This RP identifies the broad scope of this subproject and
outlines the policy, procedures for acquisition of land, compensation and other
assistance measures for affected persons and institutional requirements for this
subproject under the loan.
B. Project impacts and benefits
The Project is
expected to bring forward positive benefits (while causing some negative social
impact, which are proposed to be mitigated fully) for the communities living or
doing business within the proposed RoW. The project will strengthen the regional
network of transport infrastructure serving West Bengal, Chhattisgarh and Andhra
Pradesh. In addition, to this the project will also augment the domestic
transport system. These improvements will support growth in sub regional trade
and investment, thereby contributing to economic growth and poverty reduction.
In terms of social issues and impacts, the project
construction will not entail any land acquisition but will involve impact on
residential commercial, Residential cum commercial structures and Kiosks. Based
on the census survey, it is estimated that a total of 34 households comprising
of a total of 235 affected persons will be affected as a result of the project.
The impacts of the project only include loss of Structures (Residential,
commercial, Residential cum commercial and Kiosks) and livelihood of squatters
but no impacts on land (agriculture, residential and commercial), community,
income and, community and religious sites and trees and crops. All the 34
affected households losing structures comprise of squatters. Of the total assets
getting affected, 41.2% comprise of residential structures, 50% commercial
structures and 8.8% are in mixed category (residential-cum-commercial
During the survey period, interactions and consultations were
conducted with affected households and communities, which confirm that the
affected persons and communities are positive to the project, if they are
adequately compensated by the Government for their losses and assisted in
restoring their livelihood.
The section wise details of the type of losses and the number
of affected households and persons are detailed in the Table 1.1 below:
Table 1.1: Type of losses
incurred by affected households
Type of Loss
Total Affected Households (HHs)
Total Affected Persons (APs)
Resi + Commercial
Survey, Advantage India, July 2005.
C. Measures to minimize impact
All necessary efforts have
been made in order to
minimize the subproject impacts and to reduce disruption of livelihood. n order
to minimize the project impacts and to reduce disruption of livelihood, efforts
have been undertaken by adopting appropriate engineering design while finalizing
the Track alignment to minimize the resettlement impact on the existing
structures. Public consultations and field visits helped in getting better
planning and designing inputs towards minimizing negative social impacts. To
reduce the social impact of the proposed development work, different
re-alignments have been proposed.
D. Resettlement Principles and Policy
The resettlement principles adopted for this subproject
recognize the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) Policy of Involuntary
Resettlement (1995), and ADB’s Handbook on Resettlement
The RP is based on the general findings of the resettlement
field visits, and meetings with various project-affected persons in the project
area. Taking into account the various losses, a detailed Entitlement Matrix has
been developed which provides for compensation and resettlement assistance to
all affected persons in the subproject area. In general terms, the people
affected by the Project will be entitled to the following types of compensation
and assistance –
Cash assistance for structures(residential/commercial/ residential cum
commercial) at replacement cost;
Assistance for loss of business/wage income;
Cash assistance for shifting;
Additional assistance for vulnerable groups namely -
Female-headed households, Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), those
below poverty line, elderly and disabled.; and,
Temporary employment during construction
A detailed Entitlement Matrix for the subproject is provided
in Table 3.1 in Chapter 3.
Participation and Disclosure of RP
Local level stakeholders were consulted in the subproject
area while conducting initial social and poverty assessment. Similarly, due
consideration was also given for Stakeholder consultations and community
participation at different levels during RP preparation.
The summary RP was translated and disclosed
to affected persons and local
communities in local language (Oriya) by the EA. Copies of summary RP will also
be made available at the local panchayats, local level public offices such as
revenue offices to stakeholders. The summary of the RP will be disclosed on the
ADB website and the consultation will be continued throughout the project
Arrangements & Grievance Redressal
RVNL will be the Executing Agency (EA) for the Project. The
Project Implementation Unit (PIU) with assistance of an experienced NGO/agency
will have the primary responsibility of the RP preparation and implementation.
The PIU would ensure monitoring any changes to subproject design which may
require re-evaluation of the need for and adequacy of the RP whereas the EA will
ensure resettlement budgets are delivered on time to the for timely RP
implementation. All compensation and other assistances
will be paid to all APs prior to commencement of civil works. A detailed
implementation schedule for the various activities is provided in Table 8.1 and
8.2 in the main text.
A Grievance Redressal Committee (GRC) will be established at
the district level with the primary objective of providing a mechanism to
mediate conflict and disputes concerning compensation payments and cut down on
lengthy litigation. The GRC will be constituted with the commencement of the
process of land acquisition and will be headed by the District collector and
will comprise of representatives of local NGOs; public representatives (viz.,
Member of Parliament, Member of Legislative Assembly, etc) from the respective
district; representatives of women’s group, squatters and vulnerable families;
line departments and affected persons especially women as well as
representatives of the respective district administration. Minimum participation
of women in GRC will be at least one third of the total members.
In addition, local level
(LRC) will also be formed comprising of representatives of affected persons;
local leader of the affected villages; NGO field worker, women. Vulnerable
groups will be encouraged to participate in these committees.
The LRCs and the NGOs will meet at regular intervals as
decided by the community, specifically for grievance redress purposes at a
pre-decided date, time and place. The APs can be formally present in these
meetings and discuss their queries and grievances. At the community level, the
committee will have the power to resolve matters either by providing information
or agreeing on follow-up action. It may also reject some grievances for not
being legitimate. However, it will have to explain to the AP the reasons for not
recording the grievance. Legitimate grievances, which the LRCs is unable to
resolve, will be taken to the GRC, which will then take necessary action after
reviewing the findings in a thorough investigation. The LRCs will maintain a
register of all queries and grievances, and the action taken.
total estimated cost for resettlement operation and management
for the Project is Rs. 1029860 (USD 22886).
The itemized budget is enumerated in Table 7.2 in the main text.
H. Monitoring &
The RP will have both internal and external monitoring.
Internal Monitoring will be a regular activity for PMU, supported by PIU and
Resettlement Officer. PIU will report on the progress of the R&R activities to
RVNL HQ on a monthly basis in prescribed monitoring formats.
In addition, an independent
agency/monitoring expert will be engaged by the EA in agreement with ADB to
undertake biannual external monitoring of the subproject implementation. This
expert will submit its reports biannually to EA and ADB.