Jan 28 2005
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Social Resettlement & Rehabilitation Plan of Rajatgarh - Barang 20 km Orissa
The proposed doubling of Broad Gauge line from Rajatgarh to Barang lies entirely in the State of Orissa between Latitude 20°24’29” to 20°34’27” North and Longitude 85°44’42” to 85°51’28” East. The state of Orissa is situated in eastern part of India and is bounded in north by Jharkhand and West Bengal, in west by Chhattisgarh, in south by Andhra Pradesh and in east by Bay of Bengal.
The state has many distinctions by way of high aquaculture, industrialization and agriculture development. The state has a transportation network consisting of railways, roads and airways which form the lifeline for the economic and social activities of the State. Rail transport is the important mode in the state for carrying the goods and passengers.The present single line is mainly used for movement of Thermal Coal to Southern Power houses.
The total length of the proposed doubling between Rajatgarh and Barang is 31.650 Kms. The line takes off at Rajathgarh of Talcher -Nergundi line at KM 423.369 and joins at Barang at Km 420.480 of Howrah-Chennai line. The proposed line runs parallel to existing line upto KM 444.524, crossing Ghantikhal Nidhipur and Naraj Marthapur stations en-route. From Km 444.524 the alignment follows a diversion to cross Howrah -Chennai main line at KM 417 / 2-3 (Km. taken along Howrah-Madras line) through a Fly Over and Joins again at Barang Station located at Km 420.480 of Howrah-Madras line. The zero point for reckoning the length of the proposed doubling is taken from the centre line of the station building of Rajathgarh station at Km. 423.369. The proposed alignment has been kept on the left hand side of the existing line facing Barang station. There are hardly any services of buses and trucks from Barang to Rajathgarh and the raiI route is the only means to go along the alignment. Alignment takes into consideration the maximum utilization of the land and minimizing the utilization of the private land.
The proposed doubling is designed to carry at a maximum speed of 100 km/hour. The alignment from Rajatgarh to Barang crosses the NH 42 at 426.750 km. The Gauge is of 1676mm. Rajatgarh and Barang are 2 end stations and in between, there are 3 crossing stations namely, Radhakishorepur, Ghantikal Nidhipur and Naraj Marthapur.
The through traffic coming from Howrah and Vishakhapatnam such as Cement, Food Grains, Fertilisers, Iron & Steel etc. are also carried from either side. The Barang-Radhakishorepur (22 kms) of Barang-Rajatgarh (25 kms) line, in conjunction with Radhakishorepur-Machapur-Salegaon-Kapilas Road section serves as an alternate route of Kapilas Road-Cuttack-Barang single line portion of Howrah-Madras main line for movement of goods traffic. This allows Kapilas Road-Cuttack-Barang rail section for free punctual movement of coaching traffic in addition to a certain amount of goods traffic as per its capacity.
The study area covers the aforesaid stretch of about 31.65 km, which includes all the people, forests and other available resources within the range. The list of Project Affected People (PAPs) were complied from Land Acquisition Officer of District Collectorate which included the list of villages, number of families in each village, a list of names of the affected families and land acquisition details. East Coast Railway has identified the people for 10 villages however the identification of land owners from balance 6 villages have yet to be completed. The Methodology used for Socio-economic data collection were as follows:-
• Terms of Reference (ToR) were discussed with officials from East Coast Railway,
• Meetings were held and joint site visits were made with the local railway officials, mainly the concerned engineers, the Land Acquisition Officer (LAO) and his team.
• Based on the field visits and desktop research, a list containing the name of affected villages, name of affected persons and the land holding details were prepared. Simultaneously, an approach map was also prepared to conduct social survey of the affected villages and PAPs.
• 16 villages/towns are located adjacent to the proposed railway corridor. Land belonging to these villages are likely to be acquired due to implementation of the project.
• Social Survey was carried out for the PAPs of 10 villages as mentioned above.
• Village level discussions were held. The process of data collection included key informant interviews and community consultation representing all classes/castes.
• Survey was carried out in the month of July, 2003.
• Village level discussions were held in each of 10 study villages keeping in mind the composition of the conglomeration and vulnerability of different groups. The process of data collection included key informant interviews and community consultations representing all classes/ caste and were selected randomly.
• 10% survey was carried out by a team of 5 trained enumerators. The objective of the survey was to generate an inventory of social impacts on the people, their structures, social profile including their poverty status due to the project. Their views about the project and also the views on various options of rehabilitation and resettlement were also discussed. A detailed questionnaire prepared for this purpose has been used to collect information on above aspects (Annexure 1).
III LAND ACQUISITION AND IMPACTS
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of the region. Above 75% of the work force is dependant on agriculture and related activities and 85% of the people living in rural areas depend upon agriculture for their livelihood. The major crops in the region are Paddy and Vegetables. Besides this, horticulture crops like Cashewnut, Mango, Papaya, Banana are produced for local consumption and for export also. The region (both the districts) is considered as semi-urban area and relatively more developed in comparison to other districts/ regions of the State due to its vicinity with Cuttack and Bhubaneshwar.
As mentioned earlier, the Rajatgarh – Barang doubling railway line project stretches over 31.65 km. The project area covers two districts namely Cuttack and Khurda in Orissa. About 117 villages/ towns are located in the project area of proposed railway alignment. However the alignment passes through the agricultural land of 16 villages only due to the implementation of this project. Table 1 indicates that 75 hectares of land are likely to be acquired for this project, out of which 7.60 ha is forest land, 40.00 ha is private land and 27.40 ha is Government land. The total number of affected families losing agricultural land only are 600.